In December of 2019, the so-called Coronavirus (Covid-19) was identified in the city of Wuhan, located in China and since then the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared public emergency of international health. As of today, 28th of February, there are 53 countries with confirmed cases, including Brazil.
Hurb has put together some important information from the world top health organizations to better help you prevent and stay calm.
What is the Coronavirus?
The virus is crown shaped, it is part a virus family which has been known since 1960 and it it responsible for causing respiratory infections. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) are also originated from the Coronavirus.
In December 2019, a new outbreak of the disease was discovered and named as Covid-19.
How is the virus transmitted?
The infection can occur on three different ways:
- Through respiratory ways, such as: by air, by small particles from sneeze and saliva;
- Through physical contact, such as: kissing and hand shakes;
- Through contact with contaminated areas, such as: handles, elevator buttons and door knobs.
What are the symptoms?
It’s most common symptoms are: dry cough, fever and fatigue. Although some patients may also feel body aches, nasal congestion, throat inflammation or diarrhea.
Patients that already have any disease (diabetes, hypertension, heart condition), the symptoms are: acute respiratory syndrome and renal insufficiency.
How to prevent?
- Wash hands with water and soap or alcoholic gel, never with water alone;
- Washing the hands up to the wrist and between the fingers as well, for at least 20 seconds;
- Avoid touching the eyes, mouth and nose mucous, even with the hands properly sanitized;
- Clean the surrounding spaces regularly and keep it ventilated;
- Keep handles, door knobs and etc. sanitized;
- Avoid sharing personal objects such as: cutlery, cups and towels;
- The use of masks is advised for whom is in contact with someone showing the symptoms and for whom will travel to the areas where there is the risk of contamination.
Does the coronavirus have a cure?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there is no cure yet nor a defined treatment, just the “spontaneous cure”, when the body heals itself by reacting to the infection.
Is there a vaccine to prevent infection?
There is still no vaccine, however some countries such as: Russia, China and the United States, are already advancing in their research and analysis in search for a vaccine for the coronavirus. The first trials should start two months from now.
Is it possible to be infected more than once?
There are news about a patient being reinfected in Japan, however scientists did not yet confirm whether this possibility exists or not. Current information suggests that it is most probable that after the first infection most people generate a higher immunity to the virus.
How is the virus treatment procedure?
There is no specific treatment for the Covid-19 yet, only procedures to ease the symptoms. The Brazilian Ministry of Health recommends rest, drinking lots of water and medicine for fever and pain.
Which is the target age and mortality rate?
A research conducted with over 40 thousand patients, informs that 80% of cases are not fatal. The biggest mortality rate (14%) is with people above 80 years old; patients with age between 70 and 79, the mortality rate drops to 8%; and patients with age between 60 and 69 years mortality rate is 4%.
It is important to point out that, in average, only 2% of the cases can become something more critical, with that in mind, the most important thing to do is to be mindful of your personal hygiene. It is also important to keep calm and not panic, after all 98% of cases show a positive development scenario.
Can deliveries from China be infected with the virus?
According to WHO, the probability of a person getting contaminated through delivered merchandise is quite small, because the virus wouldn’t resist the movement across different temperatures and environments throughout the transportation.
Are you showing any symptoms? See below how to proceed.
In case of suspicion of infection, the ideal is to avoid leaving home and visiting closed spaces with lots of people and little ventilation, besides being at least 1 meter distant from other people. Remember, in 80% of the coronavirus symptoms are very similar to a cold.
For more information and doubts, visit the official health organizations.